Quoted from Wikipedia, “Artemisia Annua, also known as sweet wormwood, sweet annie, sweet sagewort, annual mugwort or annual wormwood is a common type of wormwood native to temperate Asia, but naturalized in many countries including scattered parts of North America.
Artemisia annua or often known as artemisinin has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine. This is because artemisia annua is believed to have health benefits to overcome various diseases. Most of these efficacy being thought come from artemisinin compound which have anti microbial, anti oxidant, anti inflammatory, even touted as an anti cancer.
Various Health Benefits from Artemisia Annua
Artemisia annua contained with artemisinin compound. Artemisinin composed from the bond of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that are able to interact with various body functions.
With these active compounds, here are some of health benefits that you can get from using Artemisia annua …
1. Treat Malaria
Malaria are caused by parasites and the artemisinin and various derivative compound in it are poison for the parasites, especially from parasites that come from plasmodium falciparum species.
Plasmodium falciparum parasites will going to the bloodstream when get into the body then this parasites will infect and destroy red blood cells in the body.
Artemisinin can destroy this kind of parasites by becoming free radicals in the red blood cells with the help of iron in your body. This free radicals will binding the parasites and disrupting parasites membrane structure and make the parasites can’t evolve and die.
2. Fight against other parasitic infections
The health benefits of Artemisia annua against parasites are not limited to Plasmodium.
The active compounds inside it also effective against other parasitic infections. Especially parasites that causing leishmaniasis, chagas disease which is also known as American trypanosomiasis, and African sleeping sickness.
Leishmaniasis can cause sores on the skin, impaired functions on some of body organs, to bleeding.
Meanwhile, Chagas disease not only causing inflammation on the skin and various body tissues but also can affecting heart and intestines.
3. Prevent Gum Disease
In addition to parasites, this plant extract that also known as sweet wormwood also effective at warding off infections from several types of bacteria.
This is because this plant had quite strong anti bacterial trait.
A research by The Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology found out that Artemisia annua being known to have health benefits against 3 types of bacteria that can cause gum disease which is Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella intermedia.
4. Arthritis Pain Relieve
The same study also found that artemisinin contained in Artemisia annua plant also has the potential for arthritis pain relieve.
This study result is related to the artemisinin effect which is shown can inhibit cytokine release. Cytokines are a type of protein that are being released by the immune system in your body.
The release of large amounts of cytokines will trigger inflammation and can causing pain which usually arose within arthritis sufferers.
Artemisinin is thought can do the pain relieve by inhibiting the process.
5. Reducing Cancer Risk
A number of studies have been conducted to examine the health benefits of Artemisia annua in fighting cancer.
Some of them show that artemisia annua has the potential to inhibit the growth of cancer cells when combined with chemotherapy treatment.
Until now, the prove of artemisia annua as an anti cancer is still limited to animal studies.
Despite its potential, a further research is still needed to examines anti cancer benefits for humans. Artemisia annua that also called as sweet wormwood, is an herbal plant with lots of promising health benefits.
Its efficacy in fighting parasites should be considered as a natural healthcare remedy for malaria.
However, for using this plant as a natural healthcare treatment still must follow the recommended dosage. Make sure you consult to your doctor before taking it, both in natural form or in drug form.